Role of women in agriculture
In agricultural production and related areas, women play a major and critical role. The type and scale of women’s agricultural participation varies greatly by area. Regardless of these differences, women are willing participants in a variety of agricultural activities.
According to the 2011 Census, agricultural labourers made up 55% of all female main jobs, while cultivators made up 24%. Women, on the other hand, owned just 12.8 percent of the operating holdings, reflecting the gender divide in agricultural land ownership.
Furthermore, women’s operating shares (25.7%) are concentrated in the marginal and limited holdings divisions.
Weeding, hoeing, grass cutting, sorting, cotton stick gathering, separating of seeds from fibres, livestock keeping and its related tasks such as milking, milk handling, ghee preparing, and so on are all performed by rural people. The following are specifics on women’s
involvement in agriculture and related practices.
Generally, rural women participate in agricultural practises in three ways, based on their family’s socioeconomic status and geographical factors. They act as follows:
1. Staff who are paid.
2. Cultivator working on their own ground.
3. Managers in specific areas of farm production, such as labour management and post-harvest activities.
Among the farming practises undertaken by women are the
• Nursery administration
• Weeding is a form of weeding.
• Irrigation is a form of irrigation.
• Application of fertiliser
• Plant defence
• Harvesting, winnowing, storing, and so forth.
Feminization of the agricultural sector-According to reports, the growing migration of men from rural to urban areas in search of a better life is allowing more women to join the agriculture sector. This condition is causing a “feminization” in agriculture, with more women participating in the field as cultivators, labourers, and entrepreneurs. Rural women are thought to be more effective at using natural resources to fulfil their everyday household needs. This is why women farmers and agricultural labourers use more natural resources such as soil, water, vegetables, plants, and so on, since they have a thorough
understanding of the elements intended for use. So, without discriminating against women in agricultural practises, if they are educated and made to participate in the process of farming, withdrawing, and wielding vegetables, etc., this will boost production
and increase the importance of agriculture in nations.
Women face many barriers to fair access to economic services, aid, opportunities for land credit, technology, business knowledge, and so on. However, without the participation of women, the agricultural sector cannot achieve spectacular or equitable economic
development. As a result, the importance of women in agriculture cannot be overstated. Gender disparities in agriculture should be eliminated by the implementation of inclusive policies and gender- friendly agricultural norms. Such a thing will go a long way toward
increasing competitiveness and integrating men and women on equal footing in manufacturing activities.
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